How is AMD treated?
Unfortunately, AMD cannot be cured entirely, but, treatment can slow its progression.
Dry AMD has no known cure, but certain vitamin supplements like zinc and vitamin C, along with proper diet and exercise, can slow it down.
For wet AMD there are more options for treatment. The two most common are injections and laser therapy. One treatment option is injection of an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drug. VEGF medication stops your body from producing the extra blood vessels that grow into your retinal membrane. This stops the blood vessels from doing any further damage, but can’t reverse damage already done. Injections may need to be repeated every few months.
There are two types of wet AMD laser therapy: photodynamic therapy and laser surgery. In photodynamic therapy, a drug called verteporfin is injected into the body. The drug travels through your bloodstream and into your eye. Then, the doctor will activate the drug by shining a laser into your eye. This exposure stops the extra blood vessels from growing further slowing vision loss. In a laser surgery AMD treatment, the doctor uses a laser to destroy the extra blood vessels in the membrane.
Again, wet AMD cannot be cured but, its effects can be delayed by consistent treatment. Each type of AMD treatment has its own set of risks and side effects. Talk to your doctor about what AMD treatment may be right for you.